Assessments: Toxicity Efficacy of Tinospora Crispa (Family: Menispermaceae) Against Macrotermes Gilvus (Family: Termitidae) in Oil Palm Plantation

Sina, Ibnu and Simbolon, Silviana and Sutoro, Moh and Sugiyarto, Sugiyarto and Ahmad, Alimah (2021) Assessments: Toxicity Efficacy of Tinospora Crispa (Family: Menispermaceae) Against Macrotermes Gilvus (Family: Termitidae) in Oil Palm Plantation. In: InCEESS 2020, 17-18 July 2020, Bekasi, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Macrotermesgilvusis a termite that is one of the most important pest species in wooden structures, rubber and oil palm plantation. A study was done to test the toxicity effect of the plant Tinosporacrispaagainst M. gilvus. M. gilvuswere collected and subjected to seven treatments of 1000 ppm, 5000 ppm, 10000 ppm, 20000 ppm, 50000 ppm, 60000 ppm, 70000 ppm and control. The results revealed that 60000 ppm is the most effective dosage to cause 50% mortality within 12 hours for worker termites. 100% mortality was reached within 31 hours. The soldier termites was stronger with 50% mortality was within 18 hours while 100% mortality was reached faster within 42 hours after treatment. The LD50 value for worker and soldier termite at 24 hours are 47 mg/termite and 74.56 mg/termite respectively. GCMS analysis showed that 12-Pentadecanone, 6,10,14-trimethyl, 1-(+)- Ascorbic acid 2,6-dihexadecanoate, Phytol, 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, n-Hexadecanoic acid, Butylatedhydroxytoluene, 1-Heptacosanol and Dotriacontane was major compound in T. crispaextract. This study shows that stems extract of Tinosporacrispahas insecticidal property on Macrotermesgilvus.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: toxicity tinosporacrispa termite macrotermesgilvus oil palm plantation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: EAI Editor IV
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2021 08:39
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2021 08:39
URI: https://eprints.eudl.eu/id/eprint/1604

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