Pesantren: The Origins And Institutional Growth

Wati, Salmi and Suriani, Suriani (2019) Pesantren: The Origins And Institutional Growth. In: BICED 2019, 17-18 October 2019, Bukititinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia.

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This paper will discuss issues around the origins and the growth of pesantren on colonial and independence period in Indonesia. The method is literature research. Pesantren is the institutions of Islamic education in Indonesia. Pesantren was formed on the influence of India, Arab and Indonesian traditions. In 19th-century pesantren functions as an educational institution. On the colonial period, there are many policy which are obviously a blow to the growth of pesantren. But pesantren was still able to survive. Even around the years 1930, the development of pesantren precisely very rapidly. If around the year 1920-an old pesantren only has about 200 people santri, then in the 1930-an great pesantren has more than 1500 students. After that, the dominance of pesantren in education began to decline drastically after the year 1950. From Pesantren has been born many nation leaders as well as community leaders. As a religious institution, Pesantren also has its own distinctive characteristics and different from other educational institutions. The existence of pesantren such as it is now has experienced many developments and changes in the life of Pesantren. So, in this case, the Pesantren not only serves as a social institution and broadcasting religion but also as an Islamic educational institution.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pesantren colonial period independence period
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: EAI Editor IV
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 11:28
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 11:28

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