Seizure Classification Using Person-Specific Triggers

Pordoy, J. and Zhang, Y. and Matoorian, N. and Zolgharni, M. (2021) Seizure Classification Using Person-Specific Triggers. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Collaborative Computing. e3. ISSN 2312-8623

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Introduction: With advancements in personalised medicine, healthcare delivery systems have moved away from the one-size-fits-all approach, towards tailored treatments that meet the needs of individuals and specific subgroups. As nearly one-third of those diagnosed with epilepsy are classed as refractory and are resistant to antiepileptic medication, there is need for a personalised method of detecting epileptic seizures. Epidemiological studies show that up to 91% of those diagnosed identify one or more epilepsy related trigger as the causation behind their seizure onset. These triggers are person-specific and affect those diagnosed in different ways dependent on their idiosyncratic tolerance and threshold levels. Whilst these triggers are known to induce seizure onset, only a few studies have even considered their use as a preventive component, and whether they could be used as an additional sensing modality for non-EEG detection mechanisms.

Objectives: 1. To record person-specific triggers (PST) from participants using IoT-enabled sensors and smart devices. 2. To train and test several dedicated machine learning models using a single participants data, 3. To conduct a comparative analysis and evaluate the performance of each model, 4. Formulate a conclusion as to whether PST could be used to improve on current methods of non-EEG seizure detection.

Methodology: This study uses a precision approach combined with machine learning, to train and test several dedicated algorithms that can predict epileptic seizures. Each model is designed for a single participant, enabling a personalised method of classification unseen in non-EEG detection research.

Results: Our results show accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity scores of 94.73%, 96.90% and 93.33% for participant 1 and 96.87%, 96.96% and 96.77% for participant 2, respectively.

Conclusion: To conclude, this preliminary study has observed a noticeable correlation between the documented triggers and each participants seizure onset, indicating that PST have the potential to be used as an additional non-EEG sensing modality when classifying epileptic seizures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multi-modal, Seizure Detection, Person-specific, Classification, Epilepsy
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Depositing User: EAI Editor IV
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 11:32
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2021 11:32

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