The Policy of Criminal Determination and Restitution by The Victims of Human Trafficking Crime (Perspective of Human Rights)

Triwati, Ani and Putrajaya, Nyoman Serikat and Rochaeti, Nur (2019) The Policy of Criminal Determination and Restitution by The Victims of Human Trafficking Crime (Perspective of Human Rights). In: ICIDS 2019, 10 September 2019, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia.

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The law enforcement concerning the crime of human trafficking has not been implemented optimally regarding the less accommodation of court decision to the rights of the victim. The criminal imposition by judges does not adequately address the sense of justice for the victim, especially if there is no restitution of the perpetrators required in the victims' recovery process. The criminal case of human trafficking mostly causes the victim suffering from either material or immaterial losses. Victims need special attention and protection, mainly children who become victims of trafficking about their human rights. Legal protection of victims, including children, is one of the state's obligations in the recovery process and to realize the welfare of children. So far, the legislation gives more focus on accommodating the perpetrators' rights than the victims, and in the court examination, the victim usually only acts as a witness. Optimal fulfillment of the victims’ rights can be done by providing opportunities to victims in the criminal justice system that plays a role in the examination in court to convey considerations in determining the criminal, the number and form of restitution. Especially for children victims, it can be done with the role of the state in the recovery process, accommodating the role of the victims in the criminal justice system and renewing the restitution.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: human trafficking victim rights restitution penal policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: EAI Editor IV
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2021 10:09
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 10:09

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